Total Joint Replacement Surgery
Benefits of a Total Joint Replacement Surgery
Non-surgical treatments such as medications, rest, and physical therapy are usually the first recommendations suggested. However, in cases where non-surgical procedures fail to alleviate the pain, the orthopaedic surgeon may suggest a surgical procedure, such as a total joint replacement surgery. The most common benefits of a total joint replacement surgery include:
- Regain stability of the joint
- Improve moment and use of the joint
- Return to daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs and sitting down pain free
- Pain and inflammation relief
The Total Joint Replacement Surgery
On the day of the surgery, the patient will undergo the anesthetic procedure that best fits his/her needs. Once the patient is under anesthesia, the orthopaedic surgeon will remove the damaged joint and replace it with the necessary implant.
Total joint replacement surgeries can be performed on joints including the ankle, shoulder, elbow, foot, and fingers; however, the most common procedures are performed in the knee and hip.
Total Knee Replacement
During a total knee replacement surgery, the entire damaged knee joint is removed and replaced with an implant composed of metal, ceramic, or plastic surfaces, shaped to restore knee function.
Total Hip Replacement
In a total hip replacement, the orthopaedic surgeon will remove the damaged ball (upper end of the femur), replacing it with a metal ball and stem that is then fitted into the femur. Afterwards, a plastic socket is implanted into the pelvis to replace the damaged socket.
Total Shoulder Replacement
In a total shoulder replacement, the orthopaedic surgeon will remove the damaged ball (upper end of the humerus), replacing it with a metal ball and stem that is then fitted into the humerus (upper arm). Afterwards, a plastic socket is implanted into the scapula (shoulder blade) to replace the damaged socket restoring function the shoulder.
Total Joint Revision Surgery
Total Joint revisions are not an uncommon procedure given the increase in life expectancy with our aging population. The procedure includes removal of one or both components of the original replacement and replacement with a new implant.
It is important to note that metal, ceramic, and plastic surfaces of implants have different wear timelines that should be matched to patient's lifestyle and longevity. Such considerations are important to disucss with your surgeon.
Total Joint Replacement Surgery in New Jersey and Pennsylvania
TOG Center for Joint Wellness & Mobility provides University Hospital based expertise in a personalized community setting. We offer treatment from onset of injury through replacement of knees, hips and shoulders. We have operative and non-operative care options that facilitate recovery that's suitable to your lifestyle. At the TOG Center for Joint Wellness and Mobility, we understand surgery is a big decision. With years of experience, fellowship specialty training, and Board Certification, the physicians of Trenton Orthopaedic Group use the last state-of-the-art techniques and approaches. Choose a physician that will perform your surgery and see you through recovery. To make an appointment, please call us at (609) 581-2200. TOG's four offices are conveniently located in Hamilton, NJ, Pennington, NJ, Yardley, PA and Columbus, NJ.
Total Joint Replacement in New Jersey and Pennsylvania
A total joint replacement is a procedure in which the orthopaedic surgeon removes an arthritic or damaged joint, replacing it with an artificial joint called a prosthesis. The most common joint replacement surgeries are knee, hip and shoulder replacement.
What is a Joint?
Attached by thick tissue, the ends of two or more bones form a joint. These ends are covered with a smooth layer of cartilage, allowing movement without pain or friction. Additionally, every joint is surrounded by a fibrous tissue called a Joint capsule, which produces a fluid that reduces friction and joint wear. If the cartilage is damaged, the joint becomes stiff and painful.
The knee is made up of four main bones: the femur, tibia, fibula and patella. Each of these bones is covered with cartilage to decrease the frictional forces created by movement. The four main ligaments that provide the knee stability are the medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). Each knee in the human body has two menisci, cartilages that act as shock absorbers and distribute weight between the bones.
The hip is a ball-and-socket joint, composed of the acetabulum (socket) and femoral head (ball). Ligaments that connect the ball and socket prevent excessive movement and dislocation, providing stability to the hip. The bone surfaces are covered by a cartilage that cushions the bone ends and enables easy movement.