Surgical Procedures FAQ
Hip, Knee, and Shoulder Joint Replacement Procedures
What is a Total Hip Joint Replacement Surgery?
When a patient's hip is damaged by a debilitating condition, such as arthritis or facture, regular activities, including: walking, sitting down, and climbing stairs, can be painful and difficult. If the patient feels pain and stiffness in the hip joint, surgical intervention may be necessary. During a total hip replacement surgery, the orthopaedic surgeon will remove the damaged cartilage and bone, and position a new metal, plastic, or ceramic joint to restore the alignment and function of the hip.
What is the difference between Hip Replacement & Hip Resurfacing Surgery?
A hip replacement surgery completely replaces the femoral head (upper end of the thighbone) and the acetabulum (hip socket) of a damaged hip. During a hip resurfacing procedure, the end of the thighbone (femur) is capped with a metal covering, which fits into a metal cup within the hip socket. The head rotates within the cup, sliding to replicate the function of the hip joint. While the bone is removed and replaced in a hip replacement, one benefit of hip resurfacing is that it conserves the existing bone.
What is Knee Arthroscopy?
Minimally invasive knee arthroscopy is a common orthopaedic procedure that can help alleviate knee joint pain. According to the American Orthopaedic Society for Medicine, more than 4 million knee arthroscopy procedures are performed globally each year. The most commonly treated knee injuries include ligament injuries: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, medial collateral ligament (MCL) and posterior collateral (PCL) injuries, and torn cartilage, such as a torn meniscus or runner's knee (patellofemoral pain).
What is Sports Medicine and what does it involve?
Sports Medicine is an area of orthopaedics that involves the treatment, diagnosis, and prevention of injuries related to athletic activities. Sports injuries often occur due to overuse, overexertion or hyperextension of ligaments and cartilage in the joint, as well as traumatic impact, falls or collisions. Sports injuries can occur to any joint in the body; however, they tend to occur at the hip, shoulder, knee, and ankle. Just because your injury did not occur during an athletic or sporting activity, does not mean you should not see a sports medicine specialist.
What conditions do Hand Surgeons treat?
Hand surgery can treat a variety of orthopaedic conditions affecting the hands, wrists, and upper extremities, including, but not limited to: trigger finger, carpal tunnel syndrome, wrist pain, and traumatic sports injuries to the hand and wrist.
The orthopaedic surgeon considers hand surgery only when nonsurgical methods of treatment cannot alleviate joint pain. Only an orthopaedic surgeon can determine if the patient's hand or upper extremity condition will require surgery, or whether less invasive methods of treatment will appropriately alleviate symptoms of pain and reduced flexibility.
What is Shoulder Arthroscopy?
Shoulder arthroscopic surgery is often performed to treat sports injuries, such as a damaged labrum (ligaments) or the rotator cuff muscles (tendons). Because the shoulder is a relatively unstable joint, it is common for both athletes and non-athletes to sustain an injury. Arthroscopy allows for a minimally invasive approach to repair the damage in your shoulder as opposed to an open repair surgical approach.
During the surgery the orthopaedic surgeon inserts the arthroscope, providing greater detail through the camera integrated in the instrument, to accurately perform the procedure. After inserting the arthroscope, the surgeon performs the procedure through a second small incision. The surgeon can then remove the damage tissue or cartilage in the area and repair the affected joint components.